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A picture of a Pineapple Plant

Pineapple Plant

Ananas comosus

Also known as

Pina, Pinapple, Ananas

കൈതച്ചക്ക by Malayalam Wikipedia (CC BY 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








2 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Fruits are ripe when they are yellow and can be cut or broken off their stalks. Allow unblemished fruit to ripen.

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A photo of Pineapple Plant
A photo of Pineapple Plant
A photo of Pineapple Plant
A photo of Pineapple Plant

Pineapple Plant Overview

Ananas comosus, more commonly known as the Pineapple, are an easy to grow, low-maintenance plant that produces beautiful cone-shaped, violet-red to purple flowers in summer. In autumn, each plant produces one edible pineapple and the shoot it was borne on, dies back or is cut off. From the Bromeliad family and native to tropical climes, it has long, lance-shaped, dark green, evergreen leaves that have spiky margins, sometimes with a reddish tint. They are used to produce textile fibre in the Philippines, and are also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings. Pineapples can be cultivated from a crown cutting of the fruit, which can flower and produce fruit in 2 years. The fruits can be eaten fresh, cooked, juiced, or preserved, but eating unripe fruit can cause throat irritation and act as a strong purgative. Some people get hives after eating fresh pineapple. Ananas comosus likes well-drained acid soil and a sheltered position in full sun. In temperate climates, Pineapples need to be kept in a warm conservatory where they will add an exotic feel. The optimum growing temperature is 21C and the maximum optimum growing temperature is 30C. Water regularly when in growth and flowering. Reduce a little and add a balanced liquid feed every week when the fruit appears. Keep just moist at other times.

Common problems with Pineapple Plant

How to propagate Pineapple Plant


Basal offsets can be removed and re-planted in summer. Crown cuttings should be planted 10-15 cm deep.

Special features of Pineapple Plant

Attractive fruits

Attractive flowers

Attracts birds

Attracts sugarbirds and hummingbirds

Attractive leaves

Pot plant

Pineapples make good pot plants, as they do not have a large root system

Other uses of Pineapple Plant

The fruit contains the enzyme bromelain, which breaks down proteins, which makes it a good meat tenderiser. Some people are allergic to it but it is used in traditional medicine to treat parasites, stomach problems and bring on abortion or menses. The leaves of the plant are also used for fibre to make fine fabric for embroidery work or paper.


The fruits are edible and can be eaten fresh, dried, cooked, juiced, or preserved.


The pineapple leaves are used to produce the textile fiber piña in the Philippines and is also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings.

Flowers | Indoor Plants

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