Pineapple

Ananas comosus

Pina

1 of 14
1 of 14
Pineapples are an easy to grow, low-maintenance plant that grows beautiful egg-shaped violet-red to purple flowers. Each plant produces one fruit and the shoot it was borne on dies back or is cut off. Pineapples can be cultivated from a crown cutting of the fruit, which can flower in 2 years and fruits in the following 6 months. The fruits can be eaten fresh, cooked, juiced, or preserved but eating unripe fruit can cause throat irritation and act as a strong purgative. Some people get hives after eating fresh pineapple. The pineapple leaves are used to produce the textile fiber piña in the Philippines and is also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings.
Free download for your phone or tablet
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Fruits are ripe when they are yellow and can be cut or broken off their stalks. Allow unblemished fruit to ripen.

Propagation

Seed

Plant crowns and saplings 5-10 cm deep and 80 cm apart. Make sure to remove all the fruit flesh and all the small bottom leaves before planting.

Cuttings

Crown cuttings should be planted 10-15 cm deep.

Rhizomes

Plant rhizomes 10-15 cm deep.

Suckers

Plant your sucker in a hole 5-10 cm deep, push the soil back in and firm it around the base. Make sure the soil is moist. Remove any leaves before planting.

Special features

Pot plant

Pineapples make good pot plants, as they do not have a large root system.

Attracts birds

Attracts sugarbirds, humming birds are pollinators and kept away during flowering to prevent seed from forming.

Attractive fruits

Attractive flowers

Special features

Origin

South America, southern Brazil and Paraguay.

Natural climate

Tropical and Sub-tropical

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Edible

The fruits are edible and can be eaten fresh, dried, cooked, juiced, or preserved.

Textiles

The pineapple leaves are used to produce the textile fiber piña in the Philippines and is also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings.

Personality

Family

Bromeliaceae

Flower colour

Purple, Yellow, Red, Green

Scent

Mild

Problems

Mealybugs, scales, thrips, mites, mealybugs, ants, symphylids, pink disease, bacterial heart rot, anthracnose, fungal heart rot, root rot, black rot, butt rot, fruitlet core rot, and yellow spot virus.

Related Problems

Companion plants

Pineapples are best grown on their own when growing in pots or with plants of similar water and drainage requirements.
Free download for your phone or tablet
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play