Coffee

Coffea arabica

Arabian Coffee, Coffeetree

profile iconCoffea arabica flowers
by B.navez (CC BY-SA 4.0)
1 of 10
profile iconCoffea arabica flowers
by B.navez (CC BY-SA 4.0)
1 of 10
Arabica coffee is a hybrid species, formed by the hybridization of Coffea eugenioides and Coffea canephora. Arabica coffee is considered to produce the finest coffee beans. The beans are dried, roasted and ground into coffee. Quite easy to grow as a house plant in humid warm surroundings.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Spring, Summer

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Trees bear 3 - 4 years after planting and bear fully between 6-8 years. The fruits is ready to harvest 7-9 months after flowering. The coffee tree's fruit does not all ripen at one time, will have blossoms and berries in various stages of ripening.

Propagation

Seed

Sowing time during Autumn and Winter. Soak seeds overnight before planting. Wait for an embryo to emerge (white protrusion at the end of the seed) and plant directly in a large pot filled with good potting soil.

Cuttings

Cuttings are most successful if using 12 - 15 cm tip cuttings. Leave 2 - 4 leaves at the tip. Treat with hormone powder like other plant cuttings. MAke cuttings during spring after berries have ripened and before flowering begins.

Special features

Crop rotation

Heavy Feeder

Special features

Origin

Southern Asia and Tropical Africa

Natural climate

A temperate climate with no frost. Ideal temperaturs between 15 ° Celsius to 24° Celsius

Environment

Light

Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Wet

Soil type

Loam

Soil PH preference

Acid

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Edible

Fruits contain little flesh and are usually discarded. The seed, however, yields the very important coffee bean. The beans are dried, roasted and ground into coffee.

Stimulant

The caffeine in coffee acts as an stimulant. After consuming it travels to the brain and helps to produce 'feeling good' substances to lift your mood or spirit, enhance memory and thinking, but do not over-indulge!

Notes

The beans are dried, roasted and ground into coffee.

Personality

Family

Rubiaceae

Flower colour

White

Scent

Strong

Problems

Bacterial blight - spots on leaves which dry out and become brown and necrotic. Copper sprays before the onset of the rainy season. Brown eye spot (fungus) - Brown spots on leaves, enlarge and develop grayish center and a red-brown edge. Fertilize well, as nutrient deficient plants are more susceptible
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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