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A picture of a Coffee

Coffee

Coffea arabica

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Also known as

Arabian Coffee, Coffee Tree, Mountain Coffee

Starr 070906-8368 Coffea arabica by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)

Partial Shade
Moderate care
Frequent watering
Tender

H1a

RHS hardiness

15°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

12m

Max

12m

3m

Min

6m

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

More images

Coffea arabica flowers
Starr 070308-5468 Coffea arabica
A photo of Coffee
Coffea arabica
Coffea arabica

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Overview

Coffea arabica is often known as Arabica Coffee, Coffee, Mountain Coffee or Arabian Coffee. It is a hybrid species, formed by a cross of the plants Coffea eugenioides and Coffea canephora. It produces attractive green leaves with a wavy texture to them and delicate white flowers. Arabica coffee is considered to produce the finest coffee beans. The beans are dried, roasted and ground into coffee. Coffee is quite easy to grow as a houseplant in humid, warm surroundings. It enjoys bright, partial shade and moist soil, it is tender and won't cope well with freezing temperatures.

Common problems

Bacterial blight - spots on leaves which dry out and become brown and necrotic. Copper sprays before the onset of the rainy season. Brown eye spot (fungus) - Brown spots on leaves, enlarge and develop grayish center and a red-brown edge. Fertilize well, as nutrient deficient plants are more susceptible

    Harvesting

    Trees bear 3 - 4 years after planting and bear fully between 6-8 years. The fruits is ready to harvest 7-9 months after flowering. The coffee tree's fruit does not all ripen at one time, will have blossoms and berries in various stages of ripening.

    Propagation

    Seed

    Sowing time during Autumn and Winter. Soak seeds overnight before planting. Wait for an embryo to emerge (white protrusion at the end of the seed) and plant directly in a large pot filled with good potting soil.

    Cuttings

    Cuttings are most successful if using 12 - 15 cm tip cuttings. Leave 2 - 4 leaves at the tip. Treat with hormone powder like other plant cuttings. MAke cuttings during spring after berries have ripened and before flowering begins.

    Special Features

    Crop rotation

    Heavy feeder

    Attractive leaves

    Uses

    The beans are dried, roasted and ground into coffee.

    Edible

    Fruits contain little flesh and are usually discarded. The seed, however, yields the very important coffee bean. The beans are dried, roasted and ground into coffee.

    Stimulant

    The caffeine in coffee acts as an stimulant. After consuming it travels to the brain and helps to produce 'feeling good' substances to lift your mood or spirit, enhance memory and thinking, but do not over-indulge!