A picture of a Baobab

Baobab

Adansonia digitata

Also known as

Dead-Rat-Tree, Monkey-Bread-Tree, Cream of Tartar Tree, Lemonade Tree, Monkey-bread tree

Photo by Going.Local (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Tender

H5-H1c

RHS hardiness

-15°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

25m

Max

30m

5m

Min

5m

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Baobab

A photo of Baobab
Baobab in the dry season
Flower
Fruit
A photo of Baobab

Baobab Overview

Regarded as the largest succulent plant in the world, it is a tree that can provide food, water, shelter and relief from sickness. Although baobabs seldom exceed a height of 25 m, the main stem of larger baobab trees may reach up to 28 m in girth. The squat cylindrical trunk gives rise to thick tapering branches resembling a root-system, hence the name "Upside-down Tree". The stem is covered with a 50-100 mm thick bark layer, which is greyish brown and normally smooth but can often be variously folded and seamed from years of growth. The leaves are said to be rich in vitamin C, sugars, potassium tartrate, and calcium. They are cooked fresh as a vegetable or dried and crushed for later use by local people. The off-white, powdery substance in the fruit is apparently rich in ascorbic acid, and is soaked in water to provide a refreshing drink somewhat reminiscent of lemonade. This drink is also used to treat fevers and other complaints. The sprout of a young tree can be eaten like asparagus. The root of very young trees is reputed to be edible. The seeds are edible and can be roasted for use as a coffee substitute. Caterpillars, which feed on the leaves, are collected and eaten by African people as an important source of protein. When the wood is chewed, it provides vital moisture to relieve thirst, humans as well as certain animals eat it in times of drought. This tree is slow growing, mainly due to the low rainfall it receives. Large baobab trees with hollow stems have been used by people for various purposes including houses, prisons, pubs, storage barns, and even as bus stops.

Common problems with Baobab

Generally problem free.

How to harvest Baobab

Seed can be collected from dry fruits by cracking the fruit open and washing away the dry, powdery coating.

How to propagate Baobab

Seed

Soak the seeds for 24 hrs in hot water. Allow to cool. Place in well-drained seedling mixture containing one-third sand and cover with 4-6 mm sand. Place in semi-shade. Germination takes 2-6 weeks.

Special features of Baobab

Attracts useful insects

African honey bees often utilize hollows in the baobab to make their hives.

Drought resistant

Attractive flowers

Other uses of Baobab

Food. Bonsai. Water source (water collects in the clefts of the large branches). Shelter. Rope making. Basketry. Medicinal. African honey bees often utilize hollows in the baobab to make their hives.

Culinary

Medicinal

Other uses

Edible

Medicinal

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