Chasmanthe

Chasmanthe floribunda

African Corn-Flag, Aunt Eliza, Cobra Lily

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Chasmante is part of the Iris family. C. floribunda and C. aethopica was split into seperate lines in 1812 with C. floribunda slightly larger. This easy growing corms have abundant leaves and warm orange flowers appearing above the long iris-like leaves. It naturally grows on forest margins in clay soils along the South African coast. They work great when planted under a deciduous tree as they seem to come alive when the deciduous trees go dormant.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Spring, Winter

Fruiting time

Winter

Harvesting

The bright orange fleshy seed capsules can be harvested from spring to summer time.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seeds directly in Autumn when they are ripe, 3 mm deep and 10-30 cm apart. keep moist.

Division

Divide the bulb offsets during dormancy period and plant them at a depth of 5 cm and space them 10 cm apart.

Special features

Attracts birds

Nectar drinking birds love visiting this species.

Attracts useful insects

Insects like bees and butterflies are attracted to the nectar in the flowers.

Drought resistant

This plant requires very little water and is ​water-wise. Keep as dry as possible during the summer when the plant goes dormant.

Pot plant

Great for any sunny spot once planted in any pot larger that 15 cm.

Wet sites

Flourish in wetlands with a dry summer area.

Special features

Origin

South Africa, Western Cape along the southern coast to the Eastern Cape.

Natural climate

Winter rainfall regions (Mediterranean)

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Notes

Colorful winter flowering bulb for gardens.

Personality

Family

Iridaceae

Flower colour

Yellow, Orange, Red

Scent

None

Problems

Vey few pests and diseases affect this plant.

Companion plants

Agapanthus

Credits

profile iconChasmanthe floribunda
by John Manning, Compton Herbarium, February 2016 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)
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Knowledge and advice

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