Wild Gardenia

Gardenia thunbergia

White Gardenia, Forest Gardenia

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A beautiful flowering small tree or shrub with white heavily perfumed flowers flowering throughout summer followed by decorative fruits. It attracts many insects. The fruit remain on the tree and seeds are dispersed by large browsers in nature like Elephants and buffalo. The roots are used in traditional medicine to treat skin diseases and for fever.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Cuttings are best taken in summer during the growing season. Harvest roots as needed.

Propagation

Seed

It is difficult to get the seeds from the hard fruit, but use a blunt tool to expose individual seeds. Wash and sow seeds in Spring or Autumn in well-draining sandy mix. Germination time 1-6months.

Cuttings

Take semi-hardwood cuttings and dip in rooting hormone powder.

Special features

Attracts useful insects

Wonderful scent, especcially at evenings, attracts butterflies and moths.

Hedge plant

Make a thick screen that can be closely planted to form a hedge.

Attractive flowers

Pot plant

Special features

Origin

South Africa, along the Eastern Coast from Grahastown to Kosi bay.

Natural climate

Evergreen coastal forests, woodland and bushveld

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Wet

Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Medicinal

The roots are used in traditional medicine throughout Africa to treat skin diseases and treat fever.

Notes

Decorative flowering garden plant. Roots are used to treat skin diseases and for fever.

Personality

Family

Rubiaceae

Flower colour

White

Scent

Strong

Problems

Few pests and diseases.

Credits

profile iconGardenia thunbergia
by Alice Notten, Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, February 2003 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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