A picture of a Pistachio

Pistachio

Pistacia vera

Also known as

Green-Almond, Fustuq

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

H4

RHS hardiness

-10°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

10m

Max

7m

Min

2m

Flowering

This plant has no fragrance

Pistachio Overview

Pistachio is a desert plant from Asia which is highly tolerant of saline soils. Male and female flowers bloom on separate trees, so they will only pollinate and fruit if there is more than one tree. The seeds are low in calories, rich in antioxidants, unsaturated fat, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. They are drought tolerant and frost resistant.

Common problems with Pistachio

Alternaria leaf spot, crown gall, oak root fungus, pistachio dieback, pistachio twig borer, powdery mildew, root rot, and rust.

How to harvest Pistachio

Nuts ripen in late summer to autumn. Pick the nuts when the inside seed expands so much that it cracks the outer shell open.

How to propagate Pistachio

Seed

Germinate fresh seed in damp paper towels and as soon as the seeds sprout move them into pots. Germination takes 10-30 days. Sow seeds in Autumn. Space trees 6 m apart

Budding

By budding or grafting.

Grafting

Special features of Pistachio

Crop rotation

Pistachios are light feeders and need little nutrients.

Drought resistant

They are quite drought tolerant

Pot plant

Can be grown in a container for the first 3-5 years

Other uses of Pistachio

Culinary

Edible

The seed is edible either raw or cooked