Yarrow

Achillea millefolium 'Paprika'

Milfoil

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'Paprika' is one of the hybridized cultivars of wild yarrow, so-called for its flamboyant orange-red flowers. It is so attractive that people buy it as a flowering perennial, even though it is a weedy herb. A favourite in butterfly gardens. It grows upright and spreading, with flowers in clusters. A good plant for beginner gardeners - low maintenance and hardy. "Milfoil" is an herbalist's term for leaves cut into many smaller pieces to describe its fern-like foliage. Yarrow was spread by ancient armies which cultivated it to use as a blood coagulant. Uses: Medicinal, Cosmetic, Compost activator, Soil conditioner, Insect repellant.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Spring, Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Leaves can be harvested throughout the year, but best when in flower. Flowers can be cut during the late summer. Use old stalks and cuttings to activate compost heaps.

Propagation

Division

Most popular method and will prolong the plant's life if done every other year. Divides easily and can be done in Spring or Autum. Plant the divisions 30cm apart directly in their new positions.

Seed

Sow your seeds shallow and at least 30cm apart in March, August or October. Use moist potting soil and make sure they have a warm environment. Germination is within 2 months.

Rhizomes

Divide the rhizomes in early Spring.

Cuttings

Make basal cuttings of new shoots that are about 10cm tall in Spring. Plant in pots and protect in warm position until they root, usually within 3 weeks. Plant out in the summer.

Special features

Repels harmful insects

Repels beetles, ants and flies.

Attracts useful insects

Attracts predatory wasps, which come for the nectar, but also take away insect pests as food for their larvae. Attracts ladybirds.

Crop rotation

Improves soil fertility and the essential oil content of nearby plants, thereby making their neighbours more resistant to insect pests.

Drought resistant

Once established can survive hot, dry conditions.

Special features

Origin

Northern Hemisphere. 'Paprika' is the hybrid offspring of white flowered A. millefolium, the plant of old European herb gardens.

Natural climate

Temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

Leaves and flowers are used in home remedies for minor bleeding wounds, cramps and fever. Also used as soap or shampoo because of its astringent qualities.

Edible

Young leaves can be eaten raw and are also used for tea and as a preservative. Essential oil from the flowers used as flavouring in cold drinks.

Personality

Family

Asteraceae

Flower colour

Orange, Red

Scent

Strong

Problems

Paprika comes under attack from botrytis mold, powdery mildew and spittlebugs.

Related Problems

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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