Chilli Pepper

Capsicum annuum

Cayenne Pepper, Red Capsicum, Sweet Pepper

1 of 5
1 of 5
Capsicum has the highest diversity of shapes and is the most common and extensively grown of the chilli species. Although Annuum means annual it is actually a perennial in areas where the temperature remains between 15 - 30C (60-85F) all year. Wild ancestors of this species are believed to have evolved in Southern Brazil and Bolivia but were cultivated by man around 6,100 years ago. In the UK this species has been classified as follows: the hot varieties are called chillies and the sweet varieties are called red or green peppers. But modern breeding has confused this with the introduction of hot Bell peppers and sweet Jalapenos.
Free download for your phone or tablet
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest when the fruits have ripened to red, orange, yellow, brown or even brownish-black or leave to dry on the shrub. Protect against intense sun expose especially during hot summers when the fruit is maturing. Fruit can be collected during the Autumn

Propagation

Seed

Sow during spring and summer and space of 30 - 40 cm apart. Sowing depth between 10 - 15 mm. Germination takes 10 - 18 days.

Special features

Crop rotation

Capsicums are heavy feeder, follow with legumes.

Pot plant

When grown as an ornamental, planting in a container is a good choice. Repot every 2 years or when the current pot is too small for your plant.

Repels harmful insects

Paprika is good in insecticide recipes.

Attractive fruits

Special features

Origin

Central and South America

Natural climate

Warm to hot

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Sand, Compost

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Edible

Huge chillies that have a sweet flavour, good for drying and grinding into Paprika powder. Use fresh for salads with a more intense flavour than ordinary salad peppers.

Culinary

Can be eaten raw in salads or cooked in a variety of dishes from soups to stews

Notes

Culinary

Personality

Family

Solanaceae

Flower colour

White

Scent

Mild

Problems

Blossom end rot. Leaves can be prone to scorching when wet in bright sunlight.

Companion plants

Free download for your phone or tablet
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play