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A picture of a Cabbage

Cabbage

Brassica oleracea var. capitata

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Half-hardy

H7-H3

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

60cm

Max

60cm

30cm

Min

30cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

Overview

Cabbage is a leafy vegetable that produces large heads of compact leaves. Cabbages belong to the Mustard family that include broccoli, cauliflowers, kale and Brussel Sprouts. They are mild, sweet and have a slightly peppery flavour, can be used freshly cut, cooked, added to soups and used in side dishes. Cabbages prefer growing in cooler temperatures and thrive during winter in warmer climates.

Common problems

Harvesting

Cabbage heads are ready to harvest within 3-4 months after sowing. Cut head at ground level when they are firm to the touch to eat fresh or pick heads that are firm and solid with no outer leaves that have lost their green colour, pulling up the entire plant and roots for storing.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seeds thinly in Summer, 6-12 mm deep and 15-20 cm apart. It will give seedlings time to grow vegetative before the colder climate sets in and help to form a sweet and good 'head'. Germination takes 10-14 days.

Special Features

Crop rotation

Rotate crops annually to avoid pests and diseases and don't grow brassicas on the same plot more than once every three years. Moving the crop helps avoid the build-up of soil pests and diseases.

Uses

Medicinal

Contain Vitamin C and K as well as dietary fibre.

Edible

The edible leaves are mild, sweet, and have a peppery flavour that softens with cooking. They are great shredded for salads, added to soups or cooked as a side dish.

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