Fig

Ficus carica

Common Fig, Edible Fig

1 of 11
1 of 11
Figs are small deciduous trees with large leathery leaves. Also known as the Cape black fig, this species produces small edible fruit with purple to black skin. The flesh is dark straw coloured. Figs were cultivated from biblical times and this species produces a milky sap which is an irritant to human skin.
Free download for your phone or tablet
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Figs are ripe when the skin changes colour and the fruit becomes less firm. The fruit bruises easily so pick before they are fully ripe. Green figs are often used to make green fig preserve - pick those early summer. In the UK, Pick fruit before the 1st frosts & bring inside to ripen

Propagation

Seed

Sowing time - Winter; Spacing - 6m; Sowing depth - take long 30-40cm cuttings and put a third to half under sandy soil; Germination time - 1-3 months;

Cuttings

Hardwood

Special features

Attracts birds

Attracts useful insects

Autumn colour

Special features

Origin

Middle East and Western Asia

Natural climate

Mediterranean

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Edible

Leaves and fruit are edible. Fruit is used fresh, dried or preserved.

Notes

This fruiting tree is frequently planted in wall side borders or along trellis, it can be planted as low maintenance tree for architectural interest in urban/Mediterranean settings.

Personality

Family

Moraceae

Flower colour

Pink

Scent

Mild
Free download for your phone or tablet
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play