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A picture of a Fig

Fig

Ficus carica

Also known as

Common Fig, Edible Fig, Brown turkey fig

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

H5-H2

RHS hardiness

-15°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

4m

Max

4m

2.5m

Min

2.5m

10 years to reach maturity

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Figs are ripe when the skin changes colour and the fruit becomes less firm. The fruit bruises easily so pick before they are fully ripe. Green figs are often used to make green fig preserve - pick those early summer. In the UK, Pick fruit before the 1st frosts & bring inside to ripen

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A photo of Fig
A photo of Fig
A photo of Fig
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Fig Overview

Figs are small deciduous trees with large leathery leaves. Also known as the Cape black fig, this species produces small edible fruit with purple to black skin. The flesh is dark straw coloured. Figs were cultivated from biblical times and this species produces a milky sap which is an irritant to human skin.

Common problems with Fig

How to propagate Fig

Seed

Sowing time - Winter; Spacing - 6m; Sowing depth - take long 30-40cm cuttings and put a third to half under sandy soil; Germination time - 1-3 months;

Cuttings

Hardwood

Layering

Air layering in summer.

Special features of Fig

Attracts birds

Attracts useful insects

Autumn colour

Other uses of Fig

This fruiting tree is frequently planted in wall side borders or along trellis, it can be planted as low maintenance tree for architectural interest in urban/Mediterranean settings.

Medicinal

Edible

Leaves and fruit are edible. Fruit is used fresh, dried or preserved.