Common Fig, Edible Fig
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Figs are small deciduous trees with large leathery leaves. Also known as the Cape black fig, this species produces small edible fruit with purple to black skin. The flesh is dark straw coloured. Figs were cultivated from biblical times and this species produces a milky sap which is an irritant to human skin.
Figs are ripe when the skin changes colour and the fruit becomes less firm. The fruit bruises easily so pick before they are fully ripe. Green figs are often used to make green fig preserve - pick those early summer. In the UK, Pick fruit before the 1st frosts & bring inside to ripen
Sowing time - Winter; Spacing - 6m; Sowing depth - take long 30-40cm cuttings and put a third to half under sandy soil; Germination time - 1-3 months;
Attracts useful insects
Middle East and Western Asia
Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Leaves and fruit are edible. Fruit is used fresh, dried or preserved.
This fruiting tree is frequently planted in wall side borders or along trellis, it can be planted as low maintenance tree for architectural interest in urban/Mediterranean settings.