Pistachios are small deciduous trees that produce clusters of egg-shaped nuts. Nuts are enclosed in a white bony shell. Sirora is a female pistachio tree that is grown commercially for its high yields.
Pistachio nuts ripen towards the end of summer and are usually harvested in April. When the fruit is ripe, the shell changes from red-green to yellow and splits open.
Germinate fresh seed in damp paper towels and as soon as seeds sprout move them into containers. Germination takes 10-30 days. Sow seeds in Autumn and space trees 6 m apart.
Propagated by budding onto a suitable pistachio rootstock. Budding is usually carried out in autumn with the budded tree being planted in the same year.
Pistachios are light feeders and need little nutrients.
Can be grown in a container for the first 3-5 years.
Soil PH preference
The seed is edible either raw or cooked.
Alternaria leaf spot, crown gall, oak root fungus, pistachio dieback, pistachio twig borer, powdery mildew, root rot, and rust.