Pansy

Viola tricolour 'Johny Jumpup'

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As its name implies, heartsease has a long history of use in herbalism. Johnny Jump-ups will overwinter, or at least self-seed each year. Great for edging or borders. Uses: Culinary, medicinal
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Fruiting time

Spring, Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Pick flowers when available.

Propagation

Seed

Sowing time during spring. Spacing between 15 - 20 cm at a sowing depth of 3 mm in spring. Also self-seeds.

Special features

Crop rotation

Light Feeder

Special features

Origin

England, Europe

Natural climate

Cool and moist

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Wet

Soil type

Loam

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

Traditionally to treat heart conditions (hence the name heartsease), but also made into a tea and drunk for a feverish cold, as a blood purifier and to tone blood vessels, especially the small vessels

Edible

Pick the flowers freshly opened and leave in cold water to swell up slightly before topping salads. To crystallise flowers for desserts, brush with egg white and sprinkle with caster sugar.

Notes

Culinary, medicinal

Personality

Family

Violaceae

Flower colour

Purple, Yellow, White

Scent

None

Problems

Violas are prone to mosaic viruses, downy mildew, powdery mildew, crown and root rot, rust, Botrytis, spot anthracnose, and other fungal leaf spots. Also common are slugs, snails, aphids, and violet leaf midges. Try to keep the foliage dry.
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Knowledge and advice

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