A picture of a Fenugreek

Fenugreek

Trigonella foenum-graecum

Also known as

Classical Fenugreek, Common Fenugreek, Cultivated Trigonella, Greek Hay, Greek-Clover, Sicklefruit Fenugreek, Greek hay

Trigonella foenum-graecum kz06 by Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

H6

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

60cm

Max

50cm

10cm

Min

10cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Fenugreek

A close up of a bundle of green Fenugreek leaves.
A close up of a bundle of green Fenugreek leaves.
A photo of Fenugreek

Fenugreek Overview

Trigonella foenum-graecum is a herb similar to clover that is native to the Mediterranean region. The seeds are used in cooking, to make medicine, or to hide the taste of other medicine. Fenugreek seeds smell and taste somewhat like maple syrup. The seeds are used as a spice to flavour curries and the leaves can be eaten fresh or dried. Also known as Greek-Clover, it is a member of the legume family and as such helps to capture and release nitrogen into the soil. It can be grown as green manure, working best when dug back into the top 15cm (6") before it begins to flower.

Common problems with Fenugreek

Cercospora leaf spot and Charcoal rot which are caused by a fungus. Aphids suck the sap of tender parts of plants and affects the growth, adversely.

    Fenugreek Companion Plants

    Asian greens, lettuce, beans, cucumbers, tomatoes, squash

    How to harvest Fenugreek

    Once the seeds start turning yellow, use your hands to harvest the Fenugreek and simply snap off the husks. Wash the seeds in cool running water and towel dry afterwards.

    How to propagate Fenugreek

    Seed

    Fenugreek is a fast-growing annual and is best started 4-6 weeks indoors prior to the last frost of the season. Seeds should be sown 35mm deep in a lightweight medium soil and keep well-moistened.

    Special features of Fenugreek

    Crop rotation

    Light feeder

    Pot plant

    You can grow fenugreek in containers with good drainage. It’s similar to cilantro or parsley.

    Other uses of Fenugreek

    Culinary, soil conditioner

    Medicinal

    Fenugreek is used for kidney ailments, mouth ulcers, boils, bronchitis, tuberculosis, chronic coughs, chapped lips, baldness, cancer, Parkinson's disease, and exercise performance.

    Edible

    Leaves, flowers ,seeds

    Herbs

    Whether its for their leaves or flowers, grow these plants nearby to use in culinary dishes.

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    Angelica

    Angelica spp.

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    Edibles to Sow Under Cover in December

    Grow these on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator for winter picking.

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