Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

Black Samson, Broad-Leaved Purple Coneflower, Coneflower, Hedgehog Cone Flower, Purple Daisy

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Echinacea purpurea is widely renowned as a medicinal plant. The genus Echinacea is named after the Greek word for hedgehog, echinos, because of the prickly centre of the flower. The pretty, daisy-like purple-pink flowers are attractive to butterflies and other pollinating wildlife, they are produced singly and individual flowers measure approximately 12cm in diameter. Flowers consist of purple-pink ray florets and brown central disc florets. Commonly known as coneflower, this species is a long-flowering perennial that is well-placed in borders. To encouraged delayed blooming for autumn, cut plants back by half in early summer.
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Flowering time

Summer, Autumn


Harvest flowers and leaves throughout the summer months and plant roots during autumn. Cut flowers in the plants 2nd year, strip leaves & flower heads & spread to dry. Store the dried coneflowers & leaves in a sealed container in a cool, dark & dry place until use.



Sow in Spring and Summer with a spacing between 30 - 40 cm. Sow about 6 - 8 mm deep and it will germinate in 14 - 21 days.


Make root cuttings in late autumn or early winter.


Divide the root ball during domancy or as it start to send up shoots, but they resent a lot of disturbance.

Special features

Attracts useful insects

Attracts insects like bees and butterflies.

Crop rotation

Light feeder

Attractive flowers

Flowers may be light to dark pink, white, red and purple.

Special features


North America.

Natural climate

Warm to hot with cold winters



Full Sun, Partial Sun

Soil moisture


Soil type

Chalk, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid, Alkaline

Frost hardiness




Alleviates skin rashes and boost the immune system - effective against colds and flu. Promoters of Echinacea say that the herb encourages the immune system and reduces many of the symptoms of colds, flu and some other illnesses, infections, and conditions.


This late summer flower suits informal borders in cottage/wildlife friendly or prairie gardens.




Flower colour

Pink, Purple, White




Pests include leaf miners and weevils (on leaves). Powdery mildew, Bacterial leaf spots, Aster Yellows is transmitted to the plant as leaf hoppers feed on the plant (affecting the flower,stunting its growth) can be avoided by planting flowers in a well ventilated area with good air flow. Severely infected plants should be discarded.
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.,
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