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A picture of a Garden Nasturtium

Garden Nasturtium

Tropaeolum majus

Also known as

Nasturtium, Indian Cress, Greater Indian-Cress

Tropaeolum majus - Kerti Sarkantyúka by Takkk (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Half-hardy

H3

RHS hardiness

-5°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2.5m

Max

1m

30cm

Min

50cm

1 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images

A photo of Garden Nasturtium
A photo of Garden Nasturtium
A photo of Garden Nasturtium
A photo of Garden Nasturtium
A photo of Garden Nasturtium

Overview

Tropaeolum majus is an annual species from the family. It has a climbing habit, and will readily scramble up support or across the ground. This plant produces distinctive circular leaves with wavy edges, held on a central stalk attached to the leaf in the centre. Flowers are long spur structures and are typically red, orange or yellow in colour. Flowering occurs from summer-autumn and they are a popular garden choice, commonly known by the names Garden Nasturtium and just Nasturtium, which is a shared name for another genus, use with care! This plant has a wonderfully peppery taste. In Latin, nasturtium literally means "nose twist" and one of the easiest edible flowers to grow. Uses: Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic.

Common problems

Wilt - Infected plants yellow, wilt, and eventually die. Avoid overhead irrigation since these bacteria are easily spread in splashing water. Disinfect any tools used. Bacterial leaf spot - minimized by improving air circulation (thinning out the plants) and by avoiding overhead irrigation.

Companion plants

Harvesting

Pick leaves, flowers and seeds when available.

Propagation

Seed

Sowing time best in summer/autumn. For faster sprout, soak seeds in some warm water overnight. Sowing depth should be around 10 - 12 mm.

Special Features

Repels harmful insects

Repels aphids.

Wet sites

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Attracts useful insects

Attracting hoverflies, which will destroy aphids. Also often used as a trap plant around vegetables, slugs and snails love them and you can keep them away from other plants!

Uses

Edible

Leaves, flowers, seeds.

Medicinal

Cosmetic

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