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Angel's Fishing Rod

Angelica archangelica

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Also known as

Norwegian Angelica, Angelica, St Michael's Flower, Archangel, Aunt Jericho, Ground Ash, Holy Ghost, Root Of The Holy Ghost, Angelique, Garden Angelica, Wild Parsnip

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








3 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

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Angel's Fishing Rod Overview

The species Angelica archangelica is a striking deciduous biennial with glossy green leaves. This species is termed monocarpic as it flowers once then dies. The leaves are divided into a 2 to 3 pinnate arrangement and they measure approximately 60cm in length. It produces attractive, rounded umbels of pale yellow-green flowers early in summer. The hollow stalks are ribbed, starting out purple at the base and lighten to pale yellow-green colour. The stalks are edible with a taste similar to celery, only sweeter. The genus Angelica has a long history of cultivation for use in medicine, as a flavouring agent and a vegetable. The name Angelica is derived from the Latin word angelicus, which translates to "angel" and suggests divine healing power. It is best to take care with transplanting plants – move seedlings sooner rather than later as older plants don't take well to disturbance. This plant is part of the Royal Horticultural Society “Plants for Pollinators” initiative to showcase plants which support pollinator populations by providing ample amounts of nectar and/ or pollen. A great choice for encouraging pollinating insect wildlife into your garden!

Common problems with Angel's Fishing Rod

Aphids, leaf miners, and spider mites can be a problem. Control the pests with blasts of water or insecticidal soap.

How to harvest Angel's Fishing Rod

Harvest leaves and stems throughout spring and summer, and the roots in autumn.

How to propagate Angel's Fishing Rod


Sow seeds shallowly in autumn. Germination takes 8-21 days. Transplant seedlings when they have their first set of true leaves and are still small.


Divide roots in spring in their second year.

Special features of Angel's Fishing Rod

Attracts useful insects

Crop rotation

Angelica is a heavy feeder and needs a lot of nutrients, crops should be rotated every two years.

Repels harmful insects

Deters hoverflies

Attracts bees

Attracts butterflies

Other uses of Angel's Fishing Rod


Used to treat colds, fever, congestion, digestion, help dispel gas, and calm a nervous stomach. Angelica root is warming and stimulating to the lungs, helping to ease chest congestion.


Roots, stems, seeds, leaves, and flowers are edible. The leaves can be dried and used in teas or as a seasoning.

Essential Oils

Some of the most popular plants to grow for essential oil extraction.

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