Chilli Pepper 'Serrano'

Capsicum annuum 'Serrano'

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The Serrano Chilli is a vigorous bearer of hot, crisp, pungent, candle-shaped fruits that mature from green to bright red. The Serrano looks like their more famous cousin the Jalapeno Chilli, but they are even hotter. A Mexican favorite that produces huge crops, the Serrano is used both in the culinary and medicinal applications.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest between 60 and 70 days after planting. The fruit can be harvested while they are green or red. They will snap right off of the plant quite easily with very little pull when they are ready. Or use pruning shears or a sharp knife to cut peppers with a short stub of stem attached. This variety tends to be ready for harvesting by late summer.

Propagation

Seed

Sow during Spring and Summer. Sow 10-15 mm deep. Germination time take 10-18 days. Space plants 30-40 cm apart.

Special features

Crop rotation

Medium Feeder

Pot plant

Suitable for growing in containers given enough sunlight and good draining-holes.

Special features

Origin

Central and South America, Mexico.

Natural climate

Warm to hot

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam

Soil PH preference

Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Medicinal

The fruit is found to be anti-bacterial, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic and anti-diabetic properties, as well as reduces LDL cholesterol.

Edible

The green or mature fruit are eaten raw, roasted or commonly used in making dishes such as pico de gallo, salsa, marinades, sauces and chilis.

Notes

Culinary, medicinal

Personality

Family

Solanaceae

Flower colour

White

Scent

Mild

Problems

Pests include beet armyworm, flee beetles, leafminers, leafroller (Omnivorous leafroller), pepper weevil, spider mites (Two spotted spider mite), thrips, and tomato fruit worm. Diseases include aphids, bacterial spot, damping-off, fusarium wilt, mosaic virus, phytophthora blight, powdery mildew, and southern blight.

Related Problems

Companion plants

Tomatoes, basil, beetroot, lettuce, carrots, celery, radish, sweetcorn
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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