Spinach

Spinacia oleracea

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Spinacia oleracea is commonly known as Spinach, this plant has large edible leaves. It is rich in vitamins A, B, and C, iron, magnesium, manganese, and folate. It is an easy growing green vegetable that produces for a long time, making it an excellent addition to any vegetable garden.

Related Plants

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Spinach leaves can be harvested within 7-9 weeks of sowing when the plants have 5-6 leaves. Harvest leaves throughout the growing season until the flower stalks emerge.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seeds directly in late spring to summer or indoors 3-4 weeks before the last frost, 6-8 mm deep and 15-25 cm apart. Germination takes 8-12 days.

Special features

Crop rotation

Spinach is a heavy feeder and needs a supply of nutrients.

Special features

Origin

Middle East

Natural climate

Cool and moist

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Clay, Loam, Sand, Compost, Chalk

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

Although the iron content was believed to be very high (leading to the Popeye strong human assumption), it was a decimal fault corrected in 1930. It is also high in Calcium, vitamins and minerals.

Edible

Leaves and stems are edible and are great eaten fresh, steamed or sautéd.

Personality

Family

Amaranthaceae

Flower colour

Green, White

Scent

None

Problems

Spinach can be affected by a number of viruses spread by insects, so control insect infestations as much as possible. There is no cure for infected plants. Plants should be pulled up and destroyed to prevent the spread of the virus.