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A picture of a Garlic


Allium sativum

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Also known as

Cultivated Garlic, Garden Garlic

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

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A photo of Garlic
A photo of Garlic
A photo of Garlic
A photo of Garlic
A photo of Garlic

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Allium sativum is more commonly known by the name Garlic. This species is an easy to grow member of the Amaryllidaceae family, producing a compact bulb of individual cloves which can be used for propagation. Needs minimal maintenance, keep the area where they are growing weed-free and well-watered. Garlic grows in a wide variety of soil conditions as long as it is well-drained, fertile and has a near-neutral pH. Plant out cloves in late summer to early autumn for the best results. Garlic grows in two ways, 'Hardneck' or 'Softneck'. Hardneck types produce an edible flower stem and cloves that do not store well but some produce pretty bulbs and cloves. Softneck types store for longer than Hardneck varieties and some produce 10-16 cloves per bulb.

Common problems

Plant cloves deeply to prevent freezing which causes white rot fungus that affects the base of the leaves and roots. Rotate crops and clear the area after harvesting to prevent disease buildup. Pink root stunts the roots and turns them pink or red.

    Companion plants

    Beetroot, brassicas, tomatoes, lettuce, spinach, eggplant

    A photo of Beetroot


    Beta vulgaris

    A photo of Tomato


    Solanum lycopersicum

    A photo of Cabbage


    Brassica oleracea var. capitata

    A photo of Lettuce


    Lactuca sativa

    A photo of Spinach


    Spinacia oleracea


    Garlic bulbs will be ready to harvest within 6 to 7 months when tops begin to yellow and fall over but harvest them before they dry out. Cure plants by hanging the bulbs in a cool dry place.



    Sowing seeds in Summer and Autumn, 3-4 cm deep and 7-10 cm apart.

    Special Features

    Pot plant

    Garlic can be grown in a pot as long as the container is deeper than 10 cm

    Repels harmful insects

    Works as an insect repellant

    Crop rotation

    Garlic is a light feeder, rotate crops annually to avoid a build up of disease in the soil.


    Culinary, medicinal


    Garlic cloves can be eaten raw or cooked and the flower neck of the Hardneck variety is edible and can be eaten in salads or stir-fries​.