Coriander

Coriandrum sativum

Cilantro, Chinese Parsley

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Coriandrum sativum is an annual herb that is often used in curries, chutneys and even soups, commonly called Coriander. It can be used as insect repellent too, the seeds and leaves are used in cooking, often with meat in the making of biltong. Coriander is a multi-use plant that has also been used in homoeopathic digestive remedies. The umbels of purple flowers make it an attractive plant that can also be used in bedding displays for cottage style gardens.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest the young leaves constantly throughout the growing season though they do not store dry well. Freezing the fresh leaves is the best storage method. Let the seeds dry on the plants and harvest when brown.

Propagation

Seed

Sowing time ideally in spring/summer. The spacing between 15-20 cm with a sowing depth of 6-8 mm. Germination time on average is around 7-12 days. Thin or replant the little seedlings as soon as they can be handled.

Special features

Attracts butterflies

Attracts bees

Repels harmful insects

Repels Aphids and Carrot Root Fly

Special features

Origin

Europe

Natural climate

Cool to temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Loam, Sand, Compost

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Edible

Leaves are used to flavour spicy Asian or Middle Eastern dishes. The dried seeds is an important herb in biltong and boerewors. The leaves have a different taste from the seeds.

Insect repellent

The scent of the leaves keep flies away.

Medicinal

It has been used in several homoeopathic digestive remedies.

Personality

Family

Apiaceae

Flower colour

Purple, White

Scent

Mild

Problems

Aphids, various mites, thrips and whitefly. Check under the leaves and inspect regularly.

Companion plants

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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