Wild Basil, Basil, Red-Leaved, Basil
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Sweet basil is an aromatic annual herb with a strong flavour that is used heavily in Italian cuisine. It is easy to grow, maintain and can be grown in a container indoors. Often grown for its culinary uses, basil can also be grown as an ornamental with some cultivars producing attractive blooms. A basil infusion is used as a homoeopathic medicine to soothe a cough or treat cramping.
Start harvesting the leaves when the plant is about 20 cm in height, pinch off flowers to lengthen the harvesting period. Leaves can be dried or preserved in olive oil.
Sow seeds shallowly indoors in winter or outside from Springtime. Germination takes 7-14 days.
Take a 10 cm stem cutting from just below a leaf node from a stem that hasn't flowered. Remove the leaves 5 cm from the bottom end. Plant 5 cm deep. Keep moist or keep in a glass of water until well-rooted!
Basil is a medium feeder and needs a moderate amount of nutrients.
Can be grown in a container provided it is large enough.
Can be grown in a container indoors provided it receives a minimum of 6 hours of light and a moderate amount of water.
Central Africa, Southeast Asia
Loam, Sand, Silt, Compost
Soil PH preference
Neutral, Acid, Alkaline
Sweet Basil can be used for various culinary dishes, including salads, vinaigrette, and pizzas. It is a popular ingredient of pesto.
Strong scent deters mosquitoes and flies.
A basil infusion is also used to soothe a cough or treat cramping.
Japanese beetles, and earwigs.