A picture of a Artichoke

Artichoke

Cynara scolymus

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Also known as

Chard, French Artichoke

Cynara scolymus-003 by https://www.jjharrison.com.au/ (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Half-hardy

H7-H3

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1.8m

Max

1.5m

1m

Min

1m

3 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Artichoke

Starr 070112-3408 Cynara scolymus
Cynara scolymus
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Suttons Pollinators Seeds Artichoke Purple De Provence

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Artichoke Overview

Cynara scolymus is grown mainly for the large edible flower buds, which are called artichokes. This plant is also considered highly ornamental and can be found in many flower gardens providing architectural interest and height to displays. It has dramatic, grey structural foliage and the striking purple flowers are sure to impress!

Common problems with Artichoke

Artichoke Companion Plants

Sunflowers, tarragon

How to harvest Artichoke

Harvest the green flower buds before the scales or bracts have started to open. Remove the bud and 7.5-10 cm of the stem with a sharp knife or secateurs.

How to propagate Artichoke

Seed

Sow in Spring to Summer. Sowing depth ideally 6 mm. Germination time is between 12-18 days.

Division

To keep stock young, divide plants every two to three years and space 1m apart. Also, remove new shoots from underground roots and transplant.

Special features of Artichoke

Attracts bees

Attracts useful insects

Attracts insects like bees to the thistle flower.

Drought resistant

The thick underground roots and grey-coloured leaves make it survive hot, dry times.

Attractive flowers

Attractive fruits

Other uses of Artichoke

Culinary

Though not commonplace, Artichoke flower buds can be cooked and eaten.

Medicinal

Parts of the plant are used to make homoeopathic remedies for hangovers, IBS, kidney problems and anaemia

Edibles to Sow Outdoors in April

If the soil is warm enough, get an early start on the growing year by direct sowing these into prepared beds.

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