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Sugar Loaf Types of Chicory

Cichorium intybus 'Non-Forcing'

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








2 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

Sugar Loaf Types of Chicory Overview

Cichorium intybus can be group together into three distinctive types of Chicory - Forcing, Radicchio & Sugar Loaf. Sugar loaf or non-forcing types have been bred for their plump leafy lettuce like heads that are perfect for harvesting in autumn into winter and can be grown for micro greens throughout the year. Sow in June and July, thinning seedlings to 30cm apart and provide plenty of water during dry periods. Plants will need some protection during the winter from cloches or fleece, but will need to be checked regularly as the leaves can start to rot in damp conditions. Chicory is very similar to Endive and is grown in the same way, and to confuse matters, it is commonly known as Endive by the French. The most commonly known non-forcing type is Chicory 'Pain De Sucre'

Common problems with Sugar Loaf Types of Chicory

Pests include aphids (Green peach aphid, Lettuce aphid, Plum aphid), darkling beetles, flea beetles, loopers (Cabbage looper, Alfalfa looper), slugs & snails and thrips. Diseases include anthracnose, bacteral soft rot, bottom rot, damping-off, downy mildew, fusarium wilt, septoria blight, and white mold.

    How to harvest Sugar Loaf Types of Chicory

    The leaves should be harvested while the leaves are young and tender. If the plants are being grown for their roots then they should be pulled from the soil just before the last frost date. The leaves should be trimmed to about 2.5 cm from the crown and the roots should be trimmed to a uniform size.

    How to propagate Sugar Loaf Types of Chicory


    Sow in thin rows in sun in most soils. Best to dig plot over in the previous autumn and add compost if soil is poor. Rake in some general fertilizer onto the prepared bed's surface a few days before sowing.

    Special features of Sugar Loaf Types of Chicory

    Attracts useful insects

    Attracts insects such as bees.

    Pot plant

    Can grow in large containers which can hold its extensive root systems, and provided it is given enough sunlight and good drainage holes.

    Attracts birds

    Crop rotation

    Can be sown in the Autumn months for it's young leaves.

    Other uses of Sugar Loaf Types of Chicory

    Culinary, medicinal


    A treatment for gallstones, gastro-enteritis, sinus problems and cuts and bruises, increases absorption of calcium and other minerals. Well known for its toxicity to internal parasites.


    The flowers, leaves and roots are used for salad, baked, ground and used as a coffee substitute and additive. Also grown as food for livestock. The roots are stored in sand to give white leaves.

    Edibles to Plant Out in June

    Young plants started off indoors can now be planted out.

    A photo of Globe Artichoke

    Globe Artichoke

    Cynara cardunculus (Scolymus Group)

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    Edible to Sow Under Cover in May

    Successional sow small batches on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator, ready to plant out later in the month.

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