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A picture of a Phormium

Phormium

Phormium spp.

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A photo of Phormium
A photo of Phormium
A photo of Phormium
A photo of Phormium
A photo of Phormium

Overview

A small genus of 2 species of evergreen perennials in the Asphodelaceae family of plants. They are native to New Zealand and Norfolk Island where they are usually found near swamps and in low-growing areas, but they are hardy plants that will grow just about anywhere. They are commonly known as New Zealand flax as the fibrous leaves are traditionally used by the Māori to make textiles. They are also popular worldwide as ornamentals for their clumps of tough, sword-shaped leaves, often bred or hybridised to offer a variety of colours and stripes, and for their tall, erect architectural flower spikes.