Coffee

Coffea spp.

profile iconStarr 070308-5468 Coffea arabica
by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)
1 of 8
profile iconStarr 070308-5468 Coffea arabica
by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)
1 of 8
The genus Coffea contains around 125 species of tree and shrub plants, characterised by their production of bitter seeds (coffee beans) and high caffeine content in both these and their leaves. This plant forms the basis for many coffee drinks and other products including various foods and cosmetics. Originating from tropical Asia and Southern Africa, these commercially important plants are considered one of the world's most valuable and highly traded economic crops. They produce scented 5-petalled, white flowers and fruits after 3-5 years.
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Planning

Difficulty

Advanced

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Summer

Special features

Attractive fruits

Special features

Origin

Asia and Southern Africa

Natural climate

Tropical

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Compost, Loam

Soil PH preference

Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Drink

"Beans" (dried seeds) are roasted, ground, and then brewed to make one of the most important beverages in the Western world.

Personality

Family

Rubiaceae

Flower colour

White
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