The genus Valeriana is also known as Valerian, it contains approximately 419 hardy perennial plants from the Caprifoliaceae family. These typically possess deep taproots or rhizomes and are found in most of the world except Australasia. Foliage is generally aromatic. Pink, yellow or white 5-petalled flowers are produced on branched stems and are the main reason for growing. Well-suited to cottage gardens, herbaceous borders, or herb gardens.