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A picture of a Italian Arum

Italian Arum

Arum italicum

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Also known as

Italian Lords And Ladies, Italian Cuckoo-Pint

Arum italicum or Italian lords-and-ladies at Lainshaw, Ayrshire by Rosser1954 (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Full Shade
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








5 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images

Cuckoo Pint Arum italicum Leaves 3264px
Italian Arum (Arum italicum) (8337401299)
Arum italicum (aka)
Arum italicum fruits02

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Arum italicum is a Mediterranean native that has naturalized in various other locations around the globe. This plant looks very similar to A. maculatum and it is capable of hybridising with it, but it has delicate pale veins on its arrow-shaped leaves. It produces pale green to white upright spathes which develop into bright red berries. The "wild" form has modest markings but cultivars with more pronounced veins have been developed for ornamental gardens. These can be particularly striking, with bright white venation.

Common problems

No real pests or diseases to speak of.


    Berries can be stripped in Autumn once they have fully ripened and seeds removed with care.



    Propagate by dividing tubers after flowering when they have become dormant in the Autumn. Tubers can be as deep as 400 mm below the surface and should be handled with care, this is a poisonous plant.


    Seeds should be sown as soon as they have ripened in the Autumn. The fleshy part of the berry should be removed and the seed sown at a depth twice its size. Self seeding may become a problem.

    Special Features

    Autumn colour

    Bright red and orange berries stand alone on their short spikes in Autumn.

    Attractive leaves

    Pale veins produce a lace effect pattern on it's green leaves.


    Suits informal cottage gardens in flower borders/beds or under large shrubs/trees. It is occasionally used for flower arranging.