Spear Thistle

Cirsium vulgare

Bull Thistle, Dodder, Scotch Thistle, Black Thistle, Common Thistle, Green Thistle

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This is a biennial that can grow up to 2 metres tall at a fast rate. It is seen as a weed in most areas as they are hard to get rid of once seeds have dropped, however they are edible and commonly used in medicines.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer

Special features

Attracts butterflies

Drought resistant

Attracts bees

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Personality

Family

Asteraceae

Flower colour

Pink, Purple

Credits

profile iconCirsium vulgare
by Millicent Ndou & Marinda Koekemoer, National Herbarium, Pretoria, May 2017 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)
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Knowledge and advice

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