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A picture of a Bird Of Paradise

Bird Of Paradise

Strelitzia spp.

Full Sun
Advanced care
Light watering
Tender

H1b

RHS hardiness

10°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

10m

Max

5m

1m

Min

1m

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images

A photo of Bird Of Paradise
Starr 060615-8171 Strelitzia reginae
Strelitzia alba-tree-yercaud-salem-India
Bird of Paradise flower
A photo of Bird Of Paradise

Overview

This small but distinctive genus comprises 5 evergreen, clumping perennials from South Africa. Foliage is large and glossy, resembling that of banana plants from the genus Musa. Large, long-stalked leaves form a "trunk" that can grow up to 10m tall. Inflorescences consist of horizontal, boat-shaped spathes, from which colourful, crest-like flowers arise sequentially. These plants are commonly grown as ornamental houseplants, and are particularly long-lasting when cut. Perhaps the most well-known species is S. reginae known as the Crane Flower. The seeds are toxic to dogs.

Common problems

Companion plants

Plant with shrubs and trees or as a stand-alone specimens.

Propagation

Division

Divide strong plants in cool weather.

Seed

Sow in spring/summer.

Suckers

Special Features

Attractive flowers

Attracts birds

Sunbirds may be the pollinators, but this is unproven and other birds eat and disperse the seeds.

Attracts bees

Drought resistant

Once established, the plants are drought tolerant.

Pot plant

Can be grown in large pots.

Uses

Ornamental

Used in landscaping as an architectural plant and focal point.

Floristry

The flowers are grown commercially and used in the cut flower industry.

Medicinal