India Rubber Fig, India Rubber Plant, Snake Tree, India Rubber Tree, Assam Rubber, Caoutchouc, Rubber Tree
Ficus elastica is a tender evergreen tree species in the Moraceae family. Commonly known as a Rubber Tree, this plant produces oval, glossy, leathery, dark green leaves up to 20cm long, red-flushed upon emergence. Grow in a well-draining mix, using sand or perlite to improve drainage. It does well with being a bit pot-bound, so keep this in mind when repotting. On mature trees grown in open conditions, this F. elastica can reach heights of over 30m. They can produce oblong, yellow fruits from small white flowers with yellow centres. Often grown as a houseplant, it rarely flowers or fruits in household conditions. Originating from Southern Asia, it is found growing naturally from Nepal to China and it has been introduced to various locations including Florida and parts of South America, Central Africa and Spain. The sap of Ficus can be a skin and eye irritant; all plant parts can also cause stomach upset if consumed.
Generally not harvested.
Propagate by air layering.
Root semi-ripe cuttings or leaf-bud cuttings in spring or summer.
E Himalaya to N Malaysia.
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral, Alkaline, Acid