Rubber Plant

Ficus elastica

India Rubber Fig, India Rubber Plant, Snake Tree, India Rubber Tree, Assam Rubber, Caoutchouc, Rubber Tree

profile iconIndian rubber tree (533092219)
by Dinesh Valke (CC BY-SA 2.0)
1 of 10
A close up of some green  Rubber Tree Ficus elastica leaves
profile iconIndian rubber tree (533092219)
by Dinesh Valke (CC BY-SA 2.0)
1 of 10
Ficus elastica is a tender evergreen tree species in the Moraceae family. Commonly known as a Rubber Tree, this plant produces oval, glossy, leathery, dark green leaves up to 20cm long, red-flushed upon emergence. Grow in a well-draining mix, using sand or perlite to improve drainage. It does well with being a bit pot-bound, so keep this in mind when repotting. On mature trees grown in open conditions, this F. elastica can reach heights of over 30m. They can produce oblong, yellow fruits from small white flowers with yellow centres. Often grown as a houseplant, it rarely flowers or fruits in household conditions. Originating from Southern Asia, it is found growing naturally from Nepal to China and it has been introduced to various locations including Florida and parts of South America, Central Africa and Spain. The sap of Ficus can be a skin and eye irritant; all plant parts can also cause stomach upset if consumed.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Harvesting

Generally not harvested.

Propagation

Layering

Propagate by air layering.

Cuttings

Root semi-ripe cuttings or leaf-bud cuttings in spring or summer.

Special features

Attractive leaves

Indoor plant

Pot plant

Special features

Origin

E Himalaya to N Malaysia.

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline, Acid

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Moraceae

Flower colour

Insignificant

Scent

None
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Knowledge and advice

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