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A picture of a Japanese Spurge

Japanese Spurge

Pachysandra spp.

Pachysandra terminalis - Fleurs by Patrice78500 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Shade
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size





  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Japanese Spurge

A photo of Japanese Spurge
A photo of Japanese Spurge
A photo of Japanese Spurge
A photo of Japanese Spurge

Japanese Spurge Overview

Pachysandra is a small genus containing three species of mat-forming evergreen perennials or subshrubs in the Buxaceae family native to eastern Asia and southeast North America. One of the most widely grown species, Pachysandra terminalis is commonly known as Japanese Spurge. They have creeping, woody stems and short upright branches carrying alternate, leathery leaves with a coarsely toothed margin. The small greenish-white flowers are borne on erect spikes. Some species are cultivated as garden plants for their shade tolerance and as robust ground cover plants. There are attractive, variegated forms available.

Common problems with Japanese Spurge

How to propagate Japanese Spurge


Division in spring.

Other uses of Japanese Spurge

Grown for their tufted foliage. It is useful for ground cover, under trees.