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A picture of a Leafy Orchid

Leafy Orchid

Dactylorhiza foliosa

Also known as

Madeira Orchid

Dactylorhiza foliosa - Levada do Caldeiro Verde - Madere - détail - cropped by Patrice78500 (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Partial Shade
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

H4

RHS hardiness

-10°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

60cm

Max

15cm

40cm

Min

10cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Leafy Orchid

A photo of Leafy Orchid
A green Dactylorhiza foliosa plant in a forest
A photo of Leafy Orchid

Leafy Orchid Overview

Dactylorhiza foliosa is a herbaceous perennial plant from the Orchidaceae family. It typically grows to around 70cm high, producing attractive pink-purple blooms. Commonly known by the names Leafy Orchid and Madeira Orchid. It originates from the island of Madeira where its found in swampy grassland environments. There are 2 fleshy tubers and several fleshy roots. The 4 or 5 lanceolate, brown-purple spotted leaves are about 6cm long and 12mm wide. The inflorescence reaches around 12cm in height with many densely packed, spotted, pink-purple flowers each about 2.5cm across. Flowering occurs in spring and early summer.

How to propagate Leafy Orchid

Tubers

Division

Divide in the spring.

Special features of Leafy Orchid

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Other uses of Leafy Orchid

Grown for their beautiful and unusual flowers.