Spruce

Picea spp.

profile iconPicea glauca cone Denali
by nicmcphee on Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0)
1 of 6
profile iconPicea glauca cone Denali
by nicmcphee on Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0)
1 of 6
Picea is a genus of 30-40 coniferous evergreen trees with whorled branches, a conical habit and needle-shaped leaves arranged singly around the shoots, and with narrow cones near the ends of these. They are native to the subarctic and northern temperate regions. Well-known members of the genus include P. abies, or the Norway Spruce which are grown as Christmas trees. They are also used as specimen trees, shelter planting and there are some dwarf varieties too. Pine oil in needles can be toxic to pets.
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Propagation

Grafting

Graft cultivars in winter.

Cuttings

Take ripewood cuttings in late summer.

Special features

Attractive leaves

Special features

Origin

N. Hemisphere

Natural climate

Cool-temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Clay, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Personality

Family

Pinaceae

Scent

Mild
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