A picture of a Brussel Sprouts

Brussel Sprouts

Brassica oleracea (Gemmifera Group) 'Brussel Sprouts'

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Also known as

Sprouts

Brussel Sprouts (6498386487) by Peretz Partensky (CC BY 2.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Half-hardy

H7-H3

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1m

Max

60cm

50cm

Min

30cm

2 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

More images of Brussel Sprouts

A close up of a green Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera plant
Some green Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera brussels sprouts
A close up of a Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera plant
A close up of some green vegetables from a Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera plant
A photo of Brussel Sprouts

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Brussel Sprouts Overview

Brassica oleracea (Gemmifera group) is the variety of plant that produces the widely cultivated Brussel Sprouts. This plant is a medium-sized herbaceous biennial that produces small round buds along its erect stem that are used as a staple vegetable in roast dinners. With a long harvesting season they are an important winter crop in a rotation.

Common problems with Brussel Sprouts

Brussel Sprouts Companion Plants

How to harvest Brussel Sprouts

Depending on the cultivar, Brussel sprouts are ready to harvest from September to February. The sprouts can be picked by hand from the stem.

How to propagate Brussel Sprouts

Seed

Sow seeds thinly into seed trays mid-late summer. Transplant the seedlings into the bed with a 45 cm spacing.

Special features of Brussel Sprouts

Crop rotation

Other uses of Brussel Sprouts

Culinary

Edible

The round buds that grow up the stem are edible and often used as a vegetable.

Brassicas

Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, and turnip are all part of the same veggie family! Check here on planting times and tips.

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