Brussel Sprout

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

Brussels Sprout

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Brussel Sprouts (6498386487) by Peretz Partensky (CC BY 2.0)
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A Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera plant with green leaves and brussels sprouts
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Brussel Sprouts (6498386487) by Peretz Partensky (CC BY 2.0)
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Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera is the variety of plant that produces the widely cultivated Brussel Sprouts. This plant is a medium-sized herbaceous biennial that produces small round buds along its erect stem that are used as a staple vegetable in roast dinners. With a long harvesting season they are an important winter crop in a rotation.

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Depending on the cultivar, Brussel sprouts are ready to harvest from September to February. The sprouts can be picked by hand from the stem.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seeds thinly into seed trays mid-late summer. Transplant the seedlings into the bed with a 45 cm spacing.

Special features

Crop rotation

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Clay, Loam, Sand, Chalk

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Edible

The round buds that grow up the stem are edible and often used as a vegetable.

Personality

Family

Brassicaceae

Flower colour

Yellow

Scent

Strong

Problems

Clubroot, Downy Mildew.

Companion plants