Banyan Fig

Ficus benghalensis

Banyan Fig 'Audrey', Banyan Tree, Indian Banyan, Bengal Banyan, Bengal Fig, East Indian Figtree, Horn Fig, Ficus Audrey

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by Roosie (All rights reserved)
1 of 14
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by Roosie (All rights reserved)
1 of 14
Commonly called the Banyan tree, Ficus benghalensis is a culturally significant species from the Moraceae family. It is the national tree of India, where it is considered sacred, temples are often built beneath the large, spreading canopy of these trees. Foliage is large, leathery and has prominent lateral venation. Leaves are oval to elliptic in shape and measure between 20-40cm long. In terms of canopy coverage, this species produces some of the largest trees in the world and they are found in India. Propagating roots grow as aerial roots (which don’t require soil) towards the ground, upon reaching the soil they form woody trunks. Bark is whitish in colour. Although commonly referred to as a fruit, the fig is actually a fleshy, hollow-ended stem containing multiple flowers. This species produces 1-2cm wide fig fruits in pairs, that turn red upon ripening. Due to pollination involving fig wasps, it's highly unusual to find the fruits growing outside of India where the specific species of pollinating fig wasp for this tree is found.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Propagation

Special features

Attractive leaves

Pot plant

Commonly grown as a houseplant.

Special features

Origin

India

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Clay, Chalk, Sand, Loam

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline, Acid

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Moraceae

Flower colour

Green, Insignificant

Scent

None

Related Problems

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Knowledge and advice

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