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A picture of a Fern

Fern

Dryopteris spp.

Also known as

Buckler Fern, Wood Fern, Male Fern

Dryopteris affinis0 by MPF (CC BY 2.5)

Full Shade
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

H6-H4

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1m

Max

60cm

30cm

Min

30cm

More images

Dryopteris dilatata im weissen moor2
DryopterisAemRT1
A photo of Fern
A photo of Fern
A photo of Fern

Overview

There are hundreds of evergreen and semi-evergreen Dryopteris fern species. Adapted to moist, shady, forest habitats, most species are located in Eastern Asia, with others in this genus found across Europe, America, Africa and the Pacific islands. They are known as one of the most hybridising genera of ferns and many cultivars have been produced for ornamental garden plants. Featherlike fronds emerge and uncurl beautifully in spring and evergreen varieties provide winter interest. Most species prefer moist soil while others can tolerate drier conditions when mature. Generally low maintenance, propagation by spores can be difficult.

Common problems

Generally pest and disease free

    Propagation

    Spores

    Division

    Special Features

    Attractive leaves

    Ground cover

    Pot plant

    Wet sites