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A picture of a Mulberry

Mulberry

Morus spp.

Morus alba Tbilisi by shioshvili at Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

H7-H4

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

12m

Max

8m

Min

8m

20 years to reach maturity

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Harvest fruit fresh daily as soon as the entire berries are a deep, all over colour and easily removed from the stalk. You could shake the tree and try to catch the berries in a net underneath! The fruit fall as soon as fully ripe, it is best, therefore, to grow the tree in short grass to cushion the fall of the fruit, but to still make it possible to easily find and harvest.

More images

Morus alba (Mariemont) JPG1b
Morus nigra Krasnodar 01
A photo of Mulberry
Morus alba flowers in India

Overview

Morus is a genus containing approximately 17 accepted species of deciduous shrubs and trees in the Moraceae family. They have a wide distribution in temperate regions worldwide, they are also extensively cultivated and naturalised. They have broad, ovate leaves, sometimes divided into deep lobes, and small green-yellow flowers followed by edible black, red or white fruits. Commonly known as mulberries, these plants are mainly grown for their fruit, which are typically used to make preserves. Leaves of the white mulberry tree, Morus alba, provide food for silkworms. This species of Morus has been extensively planted throughout the world as development for the silk industry. This genus contains ornamental trees, and there are many cultivars with a diverse range of growth habits that have been bred.

Common problems

Propagation

Cuttings

Semi-hardwood cuttings in mid-summer.

Seed

Sow outdoors in autumn-winter; Germination time - 1-3 months. Keep moist!

Special Features

Attractive fruits

Uses

Medicinal

There is a long history of medicinal use in Chinese medicine. The leaves, bark and fruits of species such as Morus alba are used in Chinese medicine for coughs, colds, diabetes and constipation. It is also used to treat snakebites, among other illnesses across the world.

Culinary

Ripe fruits are used to make jams, jellies, and syrups. The leaves make a good vegetable, cooked or dried. The leaves of Morus species are the preferred feedstock for silkworms and other livestock.