A picture of a Peony

Peony

Paeonia spp.

Also known as

Paeony

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

H7-H4

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

90cm

Max

60cm

50cm

Min

50cm

10 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

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A photo of Peony

Peony Overview

Paeonia is a genus of around 36 herbaceous perennial plants or deciduous subshrubs. They reside in the Paeoniaceae family and are native to Asia, Europe and Western North America. They have large, compound, deeply divided leaves and large, showy, often fragrant flowers. These plants have been extensively cultivated in China and in Europe since the 15th Century. There is a wide variety of cultivars and hybrids with diverse growth habits, flower colours and forms available. Some have won the Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit and are included in the “Plants for Pollinators” initiative.

Common problems with Peony

Peony Companion Plants

How to propagate Peony

Division

Divide in autumn or early in spring.

Seed

Many species can be propagated by seed.

Cuttings

Propagate by seed in autumn (may take up to 3 years to germinate), tuberous species by root cuttings in winter, tree peonies by semi-ripe cuttings in late summer.

Tubers

Grafting

Grafting in winter.

Special features of Peony

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Other uses of Peony

Grown for their bold foliage, showy blooms and in some species colourful seed pods. Flower arranging. As Alice Morse Earle the American author and historian (1851-1911) memorably wrote: "The Peony always looks like a well-dressed, well-shod, well-gloved girl of birth, breeding, and of equal good taste and good health; a girl who can swim and hike and play golf ..."

Poisonous to Pets

If your pet likes to nibble your plants, check our collection to make sure what they're eating isn't doing them any harm.

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Chalk Soil Plants - Top 20

These plants will thrive in the free draining conditions created by chalky soils.

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