Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea spp.

profile iconStarr 030418-0058 Bougainvillea spectabilis
by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)
1 of 6
profile iconStarr 030418-0058 Bougainvillea spectabilis
by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)
1 of 6
Genus of around 18 evergreen or deciduous woody, climbing vines, sub shrubs and trees from tropical and subtropical regions of South America. Species tend to be evergreen in wet climates and deciduous in climates with dry periods and grow between 1–12 m high. They have characteristic, black-tipped thorns resulting from wax production and small, usually white flowers. Thin, papery modified leaves around the flowers produce showy bright colours including purple, magenta, pink, red, orange, white and yellow, making them a popular garden plant. They are particularly effective when grown on a pergola, arbour, arch or against the wall of a house.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn

Propagation

Cuttings

Root softwood cuttings in early spring, and semi-ripe cuttings in summer.

Layering

Layer in early autumn or in spring.

Special features

Attractive flowers

Three colourful, petal-like bracts resemble flowers and are borne in terminal clusters.

Special features

Origin

South America

Natural climate

Tropical and subtropical

Environment

Light

Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Compost

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Nyctaginaceae

Flower colour

Pink, Red
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Knowledge and advice

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