Camellia

Camellia spp.

1 of 16
1 of 16
Camellia is a large genus of around 177 species of evergreen shrub and tree that grow between 1-20m tall. They are typically found in southeastern Asia, in mountainous regions from the Himalayas through to Japan and Indonesia. This genus has been extensively cultivated for its showy, rose-like flowers and foliage. Flowers are highly variable and exhibit a wide range of structures. They grow best in soil on the acidic side and these lovely plants may be grown in containers very effectively. Flowers can be sorted into flower types including single, semi-double, anemone-form, peony-form, rose-form, formal double and irregular double. Flowers can be scented and produced in single, paired or clustered arrangements. Generally, Camellia species are either winter or spring flowering and often they bloom when little else does, adding valuable bright colour to gardens.

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Spring, Autumn, Winter

Propagation

Cuttings

Semi-ripe cuttings can be taken from late summer to mid autumn. Hardwood cuttings best taken between autumn to late winter, they typically take 3 months. Both methods are more likely to root if the bottom 1.5cm of bark is removed at the cutting base, rooting hormone can also be used to accelerate results.

Seed

Seed frequently doesn't come true to the parent plant. Seedlings can take 6-8 years to flower and the quality of plant is usually unpredictable.

Special features

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Pot plant

Special features

Origin

Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

Environment

Light

Full Shade, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Sand, Compost, Clay

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Personality

Family

Theaceae

Flower colour

Pink, White, Red, Yellow, Multicoloured

Scent

Mild