Carrot

Daucus carota ssp. sativus

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Starr 070730-7894 Daucus carota subsp. sativus by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)
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A bunch of orange Daucus carota subsp. sativus carrots
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Starr 070730-7894 Daucus carota subsp. sativus by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)
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Daucus carota subsp. sativus is a plant that most domestic carrots are cultivated from. This subspecies resides in the Apiaceae family and it evolved from the Wild Carrot species, Daucus carota. Different subspecies evolved to adapt to different climates in different regions of the world. Carrots produce large edible taproots that can range in colour from white to yellow, red and purple depending on the variety. This plant produces thick, sweet, orange roots, termed Carrots. Another subspecies, Daucus carota subsp. carota produces thin, bitter-tasting, white and inedible roots.

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Carrots can be harvested 8 - 12 weeks after sowing, or as soon as they have reached the preferred size.

Propagation

Seed

Direct sow seeds 1 cm deep and rows 30 cm apart. Germination occurs in 10 to 20 days after which the seedlings should be thinned. Sowing time - Spring/Summer or right through the year in warmer climates.

Special features

Crop rotation

Do not plant root crops on the same soil to prevent soil diseases. Rotate with other crops.

Special features

Origin

France Nantes Developed in the 1850's by Henri Vimorin

Natural climate

Cool climate

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Wet

Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Edible

The taproot is edible fresh, cooked or preserved.

Medicinal

High vitamin A value! The beta-carotene helps good eye-sight.

Notes

Culinary

Personality

Family

Apiaceae

Flower colour

White, Cream

Scent

None

Problems

Carrots can suffer from Thielaviopsis basicola (Black Root rot), Xanthomonas campestris pv. carotae (Leaf blight) and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (White mould)

Companion plants

Lettuce, onions, radish, tomatoes, basil, parsley, rocket